Introduction & Highlights
The BRCW/Sulzer/CP Type 3's (later Class 33) were not part of the 1956 Modernisation Plan's initial order for 171 (later 174) locomotives. There was a large gap between the Mixed Traffic Type B orders (maximum of 1,250bhp) and the Heavy Duty Type C orders (minimum 2,000bhp). In August 1957 the locomotive range was expanded and redesignated with the 1,500bhp - 1,750bhp range now designated Class (Type) 3. Four months later an order was placed with BRCW for 45 Class 3 Bo-Bo locomotives, to be numbered D6500 - D6544. Although outside of the original Modernisation Plan locomotives, they were an obvious development of the Class 2 type 1,160bhp locomotives D5300 - D5319. In placing the specifications for the Type 3, the Southern Region had a very clear idea of what was required, including some features which were outside of the BTC's specifications. These requirements included:
Haulage of 700 ton freight trains on ruling gradients of 1 in 70
The BTC Class 3 specification included two contenders, the 1,750bhp 105 ton Co-Co 12 cylinder equipped offering from English Electric or the 1,550bhp 76 ton Bo-Bo 8 cylinder equipped offering from BRCW. The BTC were in favour of the English Electric design, wishing to make it a standard design, but the Southern Region favoured the BRCW design from the outset on the grounds of weight & cost. It also offered the requested dual braking equipment, the electric train heating function and had a better route availability. The BTC held out for a maximum speed of 80mph but agreed to the fitting of dual braking equipment, an awkward about face following their recent decision to generally retain the vacuum brake as standard.
The Southern Region had no requirement for access between locomotives whilst in service so the cab front gangway doors as found in the Class 26's were eliminated and the use of the Southern Region two character roller blind route indicators avoided the clutter of the train identification discs also found on the Class 26's.
Four orders were placed for a total of 98 locomotives:
38 taken into stock in 1960 (D6500 - D6537)
The BRCW build numbers were from No.92 (of 1959) to No.189 (of 1961). Build No.157 to No.168 were allocated to the narrow bodied variant (D6586 - D6597), which although ordered in July 1959 were delivered after the final order placed in May 1960 (D6564 - D6585). The delivery of the Class 33's by BRCW was preceded by the Class 26's, there was about a month's gap between the last Class 26 delivery and the first Class 33. Between June 1961 & May 1962 BRCW was delivering both Class 27's & Class 33's. (The final Class 27 was delivered in September 1962). The Class 33 was in many ways similar to the Class 26, but from an electrical viewpoint there were some interesting differences. The requirement for electric train heating saw an additional generator being fitted. A rating of 250kW was needed to handle the load of ten coaches, with the ability to pre-heat more from time to time. The train heating generator would only produce a constant output with the engine running at 550rpm to 750rpm. This required the engine to idle at a minimum of 550rpm when the heating switch was on but the Master controller handle was in the Off position. Once the Master controller moved to the On position the train heating supply would momentarily be switched off until the controller reached a predetermined position. This would assure smooth starts.
Additionally the use of the Class 33's on the Night Ferry service required them to be able to handle the different heating system used by the Continental sleeping cars. The BR system used a two pole system with a protective interlock, the Continental system used a single pole, requiring locomotives working these services to be equipped with two different connections between the locomotive and rolling stock. SR locomotives carried three buttons on the heating control panel instead of the more normal two.
Another difference affected the radiator cooling fan. The Class 26 used an electric motor to power the fan. For the Class 33 with its increased power equipment a hydrostatic system was selected utilising an engine driven pump and a hydrostatic pump motor. The transmission oil lines reached pressures of 1,500lb/sq in, invariably with such high pressures leaks occurred, particularly at the joints. Over time lessons were learned in their repair which greatly improved the reliability of the hydrostatic cooling system.
The Power Unit
The 8LDA28 power unit selected for the Type 3 was available from the Sulzer catalogue, with the eight cylinder also being offered in the smaller 8LD22 & 8LD25 range. Generally this model did not produce many orders, in the United Kingdom it would be the only eight cylinder inline power unit fitted to a British Railways Modernisation Plan locomotive or one of its derivatives. Whilst generally the Type 3 was an evolution from the BRCW Type 2, the eight cylinder engine did require some changes because of its larger output. With such an engine either the fitting of two turbochargers or the use of one turbocharger equipped with four entries for exhaust gas were the preferred choices. For the Type 3 a single twin entry turbocharger was selected which would produce satisfactory results but with certain consequences. There would be reduced valve overlaps in order to prevent exhaust/inlet pulse inteferences, higher exhaust temperatures would result due to reduced scavenging time and optimum combustion would not be as easily achieveable over the whole load/speed range. These characteristics would cause the engines to generally run hotter than their six cylinder counterparts.
As with all the 6LDA28 engines, so the 8LDA28 suffered from 'teething troubles'. The early discovery of cracked pistons was resolved by modifications introduced from June 1959. (Were the Type 3's delivered from new with the modified pistons?) They also suffered from cylinder head failures, which occurred earlier and more frequently than with the 6LDA28 range. Replacement with a modified, strengthened cylinder head resolved the problem.
Although the Sulzer catalogue included a B & C variant for the 8LDA28 none were ordered by British Railways. A Vickers built 8LDA28 had been sent to Winterthur for testing, allowing the C rating to be provided, being rated 1,800bhp at 800rpm.
December: D6500 delivered on schedule, though not officially accepted into traffic until the following month. It was noted at Hither Green shed on December 17th for crew training.
Early in March D6500 & D6501 were noted together being tested with ten coach sets through Tonbridge. Towards the end of the month D6502 was being tested as far as Dover via Shepherdswell.
The summer timetable found the Charing Cross/Cannon Street main line services to Dover/Ramsgate in the hands of diesels, including the D65xx series. They were also occasionally to be found working the Dover Boats trains and the relief Night Ferry. For steam heated stock during the winter months a Derby Type 2 was required to provide heating, though frequently this instruction was not always followed.
July 1960: Following clearance tests the Class were given almost universal acceptance over Southern metals, they were banned from seven minor branches and the Hastings - Tonbridge route with the exception of the narrow bodied examples.
July 17th: D6506, E5004 & 20001 were noted at Balcombe Tunnel Junction track testing station. Several runs at varying speeds were made between Three Bridges and Balcombe or Haywards Heath. Four days later D6506 was noted working passenger and goods trains on the Allhallows-on-Sea branch.
During October D6500 & D6515 were noted at Eastleigh Works.
February: The electrification of the West Coast main line would see many Mk 1 passenger coaches converted to electric heating, prior to the full scale conversion of this stock a test train was run between Ferme Park and Craigentinny, Edinburgh using seven electrically heated coaches powered by D6504. The train ran each night for four nights to a fast schedule. During this testing D6504 was shown as on loan to the LMR for allocation purposes.
March: Night visits were made by a D65xx locomotive to the Lewes - Barcombe Mills line for the purpose of testing bridges in conjunction with West Country Pacific No. 34008 Padstow.
May: Between May 11th & 14th an exhibition of locomotives and rolling stock was staged at Marylebone parcels depot by the BTC to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers. Locomotives exhibited included brand new BRCW Type 3 No. D6553 (33035). Others present were steam locomotives: MR Compound 1000, LNER A4 60022 'Mallard', BR 8P 71000 'Duke of Gloucester', BR 9F 92220 'Evening Star', Gas Turbine 4-6-0 GT3, diesel locomotives: North British Type 1 No.8400, Brush Type 2 No 5699 (31269), Beyer Peacock Hymek Type 3 No.7000, BR Swindon Warship Type 4 No.867, BR Derby Peak Type 4 No.28 (45124), English Electric Deltic Type 5 No.9003 (55003) and electric locomotives E5014 & E3059 (85004).
June: Full electric passenger workings commenced between London and the Kent Coast ports. A handful of services remained diesel hauled. However in general most of the diesels would be released to replace steam on the area freight workings.
November 25th: two eleven coach football specials were run from Dartford to Bristol, Ashton Gate using the combinations of D5013 & D6573 and D5009 & D6523, the Derby Type 2's being used to heat the trains. The first mentioned ran to Kensington where modified Hall No. 6960 Raveningham Hall took over for a run down the Western Region main line to Bristol. The second special had a bit more of an adventure, retaining its original motive power and running via Clapham Junction, Salisbury, Westbury and Bath to Bristol. Did this working provide Bristol with its first sight of a Derby Type 2 & a BRCW Type 3?
December 4th: the 2.30am Holborough (Cliffe) - Uddingston and 2.45am return working were dieselised between Holborough and York using pairs of Type 3's. The standard load was 28 tanks. The loaded northbound working was due at York at 10.40am, the southbound empties at 11.40am, the smart turn round made possible by the greater flexibility of the new diesels. On occasions when there were no return empties the diesels ran light back to the Southern Region. In order to accommodate the training of Eastern Region crews through to York several Type 3's were loaned to Finsbury Park including D6504 (2/61) & D6559 (11/61) and New England: D6556 (11/61), D6517 (12/61), D6559 (12/61), D6541 (10/62) & D6553 (7/63).
December: The Type 3's were also frequent visitors on cross-London freights from the SR to Temple Mills Yard.
A couple of the Uddingston bound cement trains required assistance from steam locomotives, on January 18th 9F No.92044 assisted D6513, whilst on February 10th A3 No.60106 assisted D6517.
April 7th: Brighton was the destination for narrow bodied D6586, having run light from Tonbridge, two days were spent at Brighton before returning to Tonbridge.
April: D6503 visited Eastleigh for driver training on the oil trains out of Fawley. It was initially tested between Fawley and Eastleigh on a variety of tank train workings. However in the last week of April it was tested on the 1.00pm Fawley - Spondon tanks as far as Didcot, returning with the 8.20pm Didcot - Eastleigh freight. These trains were routed over the Didcot, Newbury & Southampton line, possibly a first for the Type 3's. D6503 returned to Hither Green on April 26th, D6505 & D6526 were then loaned to Eastleigh. On June 5th the 6.55pm Eastleigh - Fawley freight was double headed by D6505 & 3MT 82014.
May: The last Type 3, No.D6597 was delivered to Hither Green, for a short while the whole class would be allocated here. With the entire fleet in traffic and the delivery of the first Electro Diesels taking place, the fifteen loaned Derby Type 2's started to return to the LMR.
June 25th: the imminent departure of the Queen Elizabeth from Southampton saw the running of at least three boat trains, D6526, D6535 & D6583 provided haulage.
July: Eastleigh received its first allocation of Type 3's with twelve transferred from Hither Green for use on the oil trains from the nearby Fawley ESSO Petroleum refinery and its increasing volume of rail bourne oil traffic. One of the more well known workings was to Bromford Bridge, others went to Denham, Tiverton Junction & Tavistock Junction. The new diagrams introduced on July 2nd to eliminate double heading on the Fawley line met with some disagreement, so the recently transferred diesels migrated to passenger workings between Bournemouth West, Southampton, Eastleigh and Waterloo.
August: The sphere of activity for the Type 3's continued to expand in the Central Division, included were the Sutton area freight workings, some empty coach stock workings between New Cross Gate and London Bridge, assorted engineering workings and an early morning diagram between London Bridge & Brighton. They were also visitors to Brighton & Eastbourne on summer passenger workings.
October: With the summer over the Type 3's were removed from the Western Division passenger workings due to their lack of train heating boilers. They transitioned to the Fawley oil train workings, at this time travelling as far as Oxford.
November 3rd: Another Dartford FC football excursion took a Type 2 & Type 3 combination to pastures new. D6507 & D5007 took twelve coaches from Dartford via Nunhead, Clapham Junction, East Putney and Wimbledon to Yeovil Junction, where steam took over for the short trip to Yeovil Town.
December: On frequent occasions the Type 3's on the loaded Uddingston cement tanks returned light engines from York, the empties returning south utilising steam power.
January: D6518 was sent to Worcester for driver training, pending their use on the Fawley - Bromford Bridge oil trains. It is reported that D6518 was the first main line diesel to be based in the Worcester area, albeit for a short term. As well as local freight workings D6518 was used with a steam locomotive (for steam heating) between January 21st & 25th on the Worcester - Hereford line, working the 7.15am to Hereford, the 10.50am to Paddington (to Worcester), then the ex 9.15am Paddington to Hereford and back to Worcester with the 2.05pm to Paddington. Later in the month D6520/38/46 were in the area for continued training. Elsewhere on the Western Region the Type 3's were working to Southall on the Fawley - Denham oil tanks.
The transfer of the ex-South Tyneside stock headed for use on the Southern Region saw Type 3's hauling the stock from Brent sidings to Eardley for temporary storage.
February: freight rosters for the Feltham & Eastleigh area workings were revised to accommodate the greater use of the Type 3's, with the consequent reduction in the area's steam fleet.
March 4th: Through working of the Type 3's on the Fawley - Bromford Bridge oil tanks commenced. By early summer these workings would be fully dieselised, with Saltley hosting the Type 3's in between turns.
March 23rd: the 08.30am Didcot - Eastleigh mixed freight hauled by D6520 derailed 22 wagons between Highclere & Burghclere. The locomotive remained on the rails and no injuries were sustained by the crew. The derailed vehicles included some short wheelbase steel sided wagons, a bogie bolster carrying steel bar and at least four, presumably empty Esso short wheelbase oil tank wagons returning to Fawley. Rapid expansion of the rails caused by a warm sunny morning following a cold night caused deformation of the track leading to the derailment. The line was reopened late in the afternoon of March 25th.
May: Freight timetable changes on the South Eastern Division freed up a number of Type 3's, allowing for their use on the Oxted line passenger duties. On April 29th training trips commenced between New Cross Gate and Polegate. Initially three round trips commenced with diesel haulage from May 6th, with three more on May 13th and two more June 4th. Services included those by both routes from London to Tunbridge Wells West, some London - Brighton workings over the Uckfield line and London - Eastbourne over the Heathfield line. At night the Type 3's took up a number of freight turns. By June the South Eastern Division duties included Tonbridge - Redhill - Reading freights.
June: A new working for a Type 3 was the Southampton Docks - Crewe 'Import Express', running via Winchester, Newbury, Didcot and Oxford, with the Type 3 running through to Tyseley. Elsewhere on the South West Division the absence of freights on a Saturday allowed the Type 3's to cover many passenger workings on the Waterloo - Bournemouth & Lymington Pier workings. On the Central Division from July 1st Stewarts Lane had fifteen Type 3's available (nineteen by July 22nd), greatly impacting the steam duties remaining here. Further south, at Brighton the Type 3's took over the Saturday workings of the 9.40am Brighton - Bournemouth & 1.45pm return, D6527 was so noted on June 22nd. The weekday workings continued to be in the hands of the West Country Pacifics.
From time to time during the summer the Waterloo - Bournemouth steam workings were handled by Type 3's, though Brush Type 4's were preferred. on these workings, the Type 3's were certainly put to the test with 12 coach, 400 ton plus trains.
July: by the third week of July eleven more Type 3's had been transferred to Eastleigh, and all the narrow bodied variant (D6586 - D6597) were reallocated to St Leonards (73D).
The end of the summer timetable saw the end of steam servicing at Stewarts Lane, with its allocation of remaining steam locomotives transferred away. Brighton also lost the duties for its Pacifics, they were transferred away, whilst Newhaven and Tunbridge Wells West sheds closed on September 9th. Whilst many factors contributed to these events, no doubt the presence of 98 Type 3's available for traffic was a contributing factor. With autumn and winter approaching steps were taken to ensure the diesel hauled services had enough electrically heated stock to meet the diagrams, requiring transfers of suitable stock from other regions.
November 18th: D6529 hauled the President of Iceland from Gatwick to Victoria, substituting for failed electric locomotive No. E5007.
December: The Fawley - Bromford Bridge workings now included trains of fifty four tanks cars, worked throughout by pairs of Type 3's. At the end of 1963 these trains were routed away from the Didcot, Newbury & Southampton line, on to the route via Basingstoke & Reading, the majority of the D N & S would close on August 10th 1964.
January: modifications to the Central Division freight workings included several cross London services to Willesden, Brent and Ferme Park, the last destination taking the Type 3's over the Widened Lines for the first time. These changes required four Type 3's to be sent over from the South West Division. A total of 36 Type 3's were now engaged on Central Division duties, all were maintained by Hither Green with the diagrams arranged to allow for scheduled maintenance to be carried out at Hither Green. On the Oxted line a revision of the services led to a major overall reduction in passenger train mileage, the elimination of the remaining Uckfield line steam workings and the continued use of the Type 3's on some of these services.
January 9th: D6553 was sent to Derby for static brake tests and then to work a test train of airbraked freightliner vehicles. One test run was made to Leicester and back on January 10th, full testing commenced on January 16th between Derby & Leicester. A dynamometer car was included in the train. D6553 returned home on January 28th, but was soon recorded as on loan to the Western Region.
January 12th: The Sunday only Brighton - Bournemouth became diesel hauled using electrically heated stock borrowed from the Oxted line.
March: D6502 was seriously damaged in a collision on March 5th at Itchingfield Junction, whilst working the 01.50 Brighton - Three Bridges freight, which had been diverted via the Steyning line. It came into collision with the 2.30am Three Bridges Yard - Chichester freight, hauled by D6565. Regretably the crew of D6502 were killed in the collision. The locomotive was withdrawn on May 17th and broken up on site during July, the first Modernisation Plan locomotive to be retired.
June 15th: The Brighton - Lancing Works workmen's train, 'The Lancing Belle' became diesel hauled by a Type 3. The diesel haulage would be brief, the last working into the Works ran on July 3rd. It was replaced by a straight forward set of electric stock working between Brighton & Lancing station.
June: For the summer season a relief Brighton - Cardiff operated using a Type 3 between Brighton & Salisbury. The Type 3's were also utilised on the Brighton - Plymouth & Portsmouth - Cardiff as far as Salisbury. The weekday service used an electric locomotive as far as Chicester, on occasion a Type 3 would substitute.
August: for the period ended August 17th D6540 & 6541 were transferred to Eastleigh. On summer Saturdays ten of the forty nine scheduled mainline departures from Waterloo were Type 3 hauled. The 11am Waterloo - Exeter was hauled throughout by a Type 3, returning on the 16.30 as far as Salisbury.
August 16th: Twelve withdrawn LT Piccadilly Line underground cars were hauled by D6540 from Wimbledon Park to Micheldever for storage, with possible further use on the Isle of Wight.
September: The publication of the electrification plans for the Waterloo - Bournemouth line included a considerable shake-up of the Southern Region locomotive fleet. It would require the Western Division's Type 3 fleet to total fifty, with the difference made up by transfers from Hither Green. Of these, nineteen would be converted for push-pull working on the Bournemouth - Weymouth services. Hither Green would also give up ten of its straight 750V DC electric locomotives, to be converted to electro-diesel layout for working the Southampton Docks boat trains. A further 43 electro-diesel locomotives would be ordered from English Electric, which in conjunction with the new electric multiple unit stock would allow for the elimination of over 250 steam locomotives.
As the summer drew to a close a shortage of Type 3's on the Central Division saw a number of steam locomotives loaned to Redhill and two six car Hastings sets covering Oxted line services. It had been hoped that the loan of the steam locomotives would be short lived, but the continued shortage of Central Division Type 3's well into the New Year saw Redhill keep its steam fleet for a little longer.
October: The increasing number of Brush Type 4's entering service found them occasionally working the Uddingston cement tanks in place of the more regular Type 3's. On other occasions the Type 3's were working the trains either singly or in pairs.
During November & December a further seven Type 3's were transferred to Eastleigh (70D) from Hither Green, providing Eastleigh with an allocation of about thirty Type 3's.
January 25th: tests were carried out in the rerouting of the Uddingston cement trains via Hither Green, Blackfriars, Farringdon & the Widened Lines. D6573 was assisted from Faringdon by a Finsbury Park BR/Sulzer Type 2. From time to time Brush Type 4's and several steam types filled in due to failure or non-availability of the Type 3's.
As a step towards the removal of steam from the Waterloo - Bournemouth services, D6580 was modified for remote operation with a modified rake of electric multiple unit stock and tested between Wimbledon Park & Basingstoke commencing July 21st 1965. The following month the newly delivered 4-TC stock was available for high speed testing on the Bournemouth line. The addition of the three jumpers on each side of the cabfront of D6580 and the selection of a small rectangular yellow warning panel did not improve the aesthetics of the cab front. D6580 would later be modified to have its push-pull equipment conform to the other 18 locomotives.
Following the end of the summer timetable the Brighton - Plymouth service would be the only long distance service from Brighton of those that once ran to the likes of Bournemouth and Cardiff. The Plymouth service was hauled by Type 3's during the summer. Steam would continue to handle the winter workings, but the arrival of dual heated stock would allow the Type 3's to take over.
The allocation of the Type 3's from Hither Green to Eastleigh appeared to be numerically on a random basis, however the transfers in October would lead to Eastleigh having the allocation of D6500 - D6552 & D6580.
January 17th & 20th: Blizzard conditions in the south-east saw the Dover Marine - Victoria 'Night Ferry' hauled by two Type 3's instead of the more normal electric locomotive. The newly arriving electro-diesels (upto E6017 by January) were allowing the release of Type 3's to other duties.
During 1966 the engine in D6504 suffered a serious failure when the crankshaft broke. Investigation revealed that the torsional damper had overheated and seized, thus becoming ineffective and allowing the crankshaft to undergo stresses well in excess of their design. Locomotives visiting Eastleigh Works were inspected for similar problems, whilst reports of heavy and unusual vibrations in engines in service confirmed other dampers were not functioning correctly. The dampers originally fitted were 'factory sealed for life' according to their manufacturers. In reality however the high viscosity fluid in the dampers at times was not able to distribute away the heat generated leading to the failure of the damper. The fix was relatively straight forward - a plug was fitted to allow for testing of the fluid and the 'sealed for life cover' was replaced by a bolt-on type allowing for an easy change of the fluid if deemed necessary. This issue was not confined just to the Sulzer make of engine, investigation of other makes found similar issues.
May 20th: Special coal trains were run from the North East to London to mitigate the effects of a seamanís strike. D6570 which should have returned south with the cement empties was instead used to work one of the coal trains to the London area.
The summer again brought more passenger workings for the Type 3ís on the Bournemouth line, particularly on Sundays, including pairs of locomotives on the Bournemouth Belle. Lineside observation on the South Western Division found about one third of the locomotive hauled passenger services in the hands of Type 3ís. For the cross country workings via Reading the locomotive changes frequently took place at Basingstoke. For the inter-regional passenger workings to the Central & South Eastern Divisions, the Type 3ís were now handling many of these workings to/from the Regional boundaries.
July 3rd & 10th: Because of scheduled engineering work the 06.00am Weymouth Ė Waterloo boat train was routed via Trowbridge, Chippenham & Swindon, powered by D6548 & D6508 respectively.
July: The application of the cab front small yellow warning panel came late to the Type 3's, D6530 was the first to be so treated (in the spring of 1966?), it was not until July/August that others were so treated.
August: Further testing including some high speed runs to Bournemouth utilised D6580 and some TC units. The first public services began on August 15th using three 4TC units and D6542 on the 09.30 Waterloo - Bournemouth. Following the successful testing of push-pull equipped D6580 in the summer of 1965 Eastleigh now began conversion of nineteen locomotives with the next example D6521 (???) being out-shopped and tested between Farnham & Alton during the last week of September.
September 30th: D6535 working the 19.53 Redbridge - Feltham freight ran through catch points at Weston signalbox with the locomotive ending up in an adjacent field. Initial attempts to recover the locomotive on October 2nd failed, it was successfully recoved on October 9th.
The arrival of the winter season again saw the Type 3's generally pulled from those passenger workings using steam heated stock. On the Southwestern Division although there were more Brush Type 4's in use, the winter services still relied heavily on the dwindling steam fleet. As stock became available and various engineering works were completed further diagrams converted to Type 3's with 4TC stock, some being worked in push-pull mode. These services from Waterloo included workings to Basingstoke, Eastleigh & Waterloo.
Working of the Uddingston cement trains continued in the hands of the Type 3's, they were now routed over the North London line, instead of via Holborn Viaduct and the Widened lines. On December 2nd D6589 and 4TC set No. 424 was noted passing Finsbury Park.
January: Four turns from Waterloo were now operated by Type 3's with 4TC stock, whilst one of the morning commuter trains from Basingstoke was Type 3 hauled with 4TC stock. With the first 4-REP unit expected in February this variety of Type 3 workings would soon disappear.
January 22nd: D3219 became completely derailed at Steyning whilst working the Steyning line demolition train. D6556 attended later with a breakdown crane.
The Bournemouth electrification project recognised that it was not cost effective at the time to extend the electrification to Weymouth. To permit through services to/from Waterloo the eight/twelve car electric multiple unit sets (4-TC + 4-REP) were split at Bournemouth with a push/pull equipped Class 33/1 taking the 4-TC on to Weymouth. Nineteen Class 33's were converted at Eastliegh for this purpose. D6580 was the first to be converted and emerged from Eastleigh Works still in green livery, all the other Class 33/1's emerged in the corporate blue/yellow livery. The clean lines of the cab front were lost with the addition of waist level brake and multiple unit working pipes, vestible rubbing plates, buckeye couplings and pneumatic retractable buffers. Although nineteen Class 33's were converted to push-pull working only four were required to handle the daily Bournemouth - Weymouth diagrams. The conversion of these machines required several problems to be solved. The locomotives used BR's standard 110V for the control lines, the EMU's used 70V. To resolve this issue the rolling stock was equipped to handle the 110V. The EMU controller had only four positions, it was necessary to create a means of translating these four positions into something useable by the locomotive to control the engine speed.
March 6th: The Brighton - Plymouth through service was cut back to Exeter.
April 13th: Schools Class 4-4-0 No. 30926 & M7 0-4-4T No. 30053 began their long journey from Preston Park to Canada. The first part of the journey, to Willesden was hauled by D6547.
May 6th: D6544 departed Eastleigh towing 30073, 73169, 75069 & 76057 for scrap.
May 25th: A New Cross Gate - Stratford upon Avon excursion was hauled throughout, via Redhill & Reading by D6537. On the return the Type 3 failed at Redhill.
July 1st: D6519 noted at Weston super Mare with a set of coaches.
July 9th: the last steam workings took place prior the next next day's full inauguration of the Waterloo - Bournemouth electrification. The late delivery of the converted E5000 series electro-diesels saw pairs of the E6000 series electro-diesels or the Type 3 diesels filling on some turns out of Waterloo. With the withdrawal of steam the two weekday morning & evening Clapham Jct - Kensington Olympia service were worked by D6568 on July 10th. On the same date the Central and South Eastern Division locomotive diagrams were merged. This allowed the St Leonard's allocated Hastings gauge Type 3's to wander further on a regular basis than previously, now handling passenger workings from London to Brighton, East Grinstead, Crowborough and the weekday Clapham Jct - Kensington rush hour turns
August 26th: the 09.57 Brighton - Exeter relief (via Westbury & Taunton) brought one of the Hasting gauge Type 3's, D6597 to Exeter, possibly for the first time. Also at Exeter St David's on the same day was D6583 on the 8.00am from Waterloo which had been extended to St David's. The Type 3's occasionally replaced the Warships on the Waterloo services.
August/September: the movement of steam engines away from Nine Elms had become a regular Sunday early afternoon movement. Workings noted were: Aug 27th D6555 with 34008, 34034 & 35007; Sept 3rd D6517 with 34001, 34013 & 35030; Sept 10th D6549 with 35023 & 34084.
Type 3 allocations as at December 31st 1967:
January: the northbound Cliffe - Uddingston cement train was diverted to run via the joint line at a maximum speed of 35mph. The southbound empties continued to run over the East Coast main line.
February: the first of the rebuilt E50xx class, now classed E61xx were delivered from Crewe Works, their delivery would no doubt have a small impact on some of the existing Type 3 workings over the South Western division main line.
April 18th: D6525 failed in Southampton Tunnel with the 15.30 Waterloo - Swanage, for reasons now long forgotten this failure and subsequent delays drew the attention of the press and television.
May: the Southampton - Edge Hill freight workings frequently brought Type 3's to Bescot, running over the ex-Great Western route to Leamington, then Kenilworth, Berkswell, Stechford and Bescot, where electric traction took over. For the summer season the Saturdays Brighton - Exeter service utilised pairs of Type 3's.
June 1st: an unusual vistor to Newton Abbot was D6507, which took empty coaching stock from here to Paignton to form a Senior Citizens return excursion to Hastings, the first of the class to visit Paignton?
During the summer a number of Type 3's reached Cardiff on Saturday workings and also a mid-morning relief from Portsmouth Harbour.
August: with the withdrawal of steam a new classification for diesel & electric locomotives was introduced with the BRCW Type 3's becoming the Class 33's. The push-pull equipped Type 3's for a brief while were designated as Class 34. During August 1969 the Class 33 designation was expanded to include 33/1 (standard), 33/2 (push-pull) & 33/3 (narrow body), these were later amended to 33/0, 33/1, 33/2 respectively.
November: Class 33 No. 6576 was withdrawn after sustaining collision damage at Reading. It would be broken up at Eastleigh during March 1969.
December 18th: a special oil working from Fawley to Grangetown (between Cardiff & Barry) was worked throughout by a Type 3, the locomotive immediately returning light engine to Eastleigh.
Type 3 allocations as at December 31st 1968:
A weekly Fawley - Plymouth Friary oil working was frequently hauled by a Class 33. The locomotive would return light engine to the Southern Region. The route was via Salisbury, Westbury & Taunton.
June: 6570 was at the Research Center, Derby.
The Class 33's again returned to Cardiff on summer passenger workings, one handled a Portsmouth - Cardiff turn, another a Portsmouth - Bristol. On the Brighton - Exeter service the summer Saturday workings were again double headed, and on the Fawley - Plymouth Cattlewater harbour oil train the Class 33's had been passed to work to the entire trip.
November: Oil train workings from Fawley to Northampton were frequently hauled by Class 33's.
Type 3 allocations as at December 31st 1969:
January: dismantling of the former Somerset & Dorset route between Broadstone & Blandford Forum took place, on January 18th 6523 was noted on one of the demolition trains.
April: the new APCM cement works at Northfleet became rail connected, one of the first workings was handled by 6572 bringing a load of gypsum from Tonbridge via Hither Green. The official inauguration did not occur until July 24th when 6595 & 6596 were on hand to celebrate the new taffic flows. In order to work some of these traffic flows the narrow bodied Class 33/2's would be fitted with slow speed control.
May: 6592 - 6595 were fitted with slow speed control.
Pairs of Class 33's continued to make forays into the Exeter, Paignton, Newton Abbot area hauling excursion trains or Senior Citizen specials starting on the Southern Region.
August 30th: the Atlantic Coast Limited Railtour from Worthing to Ilfracombe utilised two Class 33's including green liveried No.6566. They worked through to Ilfracombe, the line westward from Barnstaple would be closed five weeks later.
August: 6596 fitted with slow speed control.
Other Class 33's equipped with Slow Speed Control equipment by year's end were 6587 (December) & 6590.
Type 3 allocations as at December 31st 1970:
January: changes to freight diagrams on the South East Division brought further work for the Class 33's. Two Northfleet cement workings were added to LMR destinations, with Class 33's working the train to/from Willesden. Over time it was found that these trains proved to be underpowered thus the use of Class 47's was preferred. Additional coal trains were added to Northfleet, though these were diagrammed for Class 47's, although LMR Class 45's were frequently used. By the end of the year it was planned to have the APCM plant handle ninety block trains per week, comprising twenty one coal and nine gypsum trains received by the plant and sixty cement trains leaving the plant.
February: 6589 was fitted with Slow Speed Control equipment.
August: 6541 piloted the 21.45 Exeter - Newton Abbot on August 28th, with the intent to use it for crew training. This was to allow for the Class to work empty coaching stock to Newton Abbot for berthing of the last down and first up Waterloo train of each day. This was a prelude to the replacement of the Warships by Class 33's on the Waterloo - Exeter services. It was also reported that the through Brighton - Exeter service would be discontinued at the end of the summer timetable.
In a move to withdraw some of the less than successful Modernisation Plan locomotives, major transfers took place affecting the Western & Scottish Region fleets. With the withdrawal of thirty Warships from Laira & Newton Abbot, the Waterloo - Exeter services were converted to Class 33 haulage utilising 8 coach dual braked sets, some of which were made available from the recently discontinued Brighton - Exeter service. Previously the Warships handled ten coach sets over this route. The Class 33's had regularly filled in for the Warships on this route, as had the Class 35 Hymeks from time to time. At times of stock disruption the Class 33's had occasionally been used with pairs of 4TC sets on this route. The use of eight coach sets on this service frequently led to overcrowding on Fridays & Sundays, an extra coach could be added providing heating was not required. The last Warship workings took place on October 3rd with 811, 812 & 823 in action.
The delivery of new 4-CIG units from York during September & October saw Class 33's hauling them from Ferme Park to the Central Division.
Class 33's became more frequent visitors to the southern end of the Midland main line working through to Luton on the Northfleet - Dunstable cement, then returning to Brent light to take over the Handsworth - Northfleet empties.
Type 3 allocations as at December 31st 1971:
January: with the withdrawal of the final WR Class 22's, the Exeter area provided new opportunities for the Class 33's. On January 3rd 6542 worked the Riverside - Newcourt on the Exmouth branch. They also became regular haulage for the 16.05 Exeter - Barnstable & 17.55 return.
A new motorail service commenced on May 26th, operating from Dover to Stirling, (northbound on Saturdays & Sundays, southbound on Fridays & Saturdays). The three coaches and three carflats combined with the existing Kensington Olympia - Stirling service at Kensington. The first northbound service was hauled by 6577 from Dover to Willesden and included the marshalling of the two trains at Kensington.
Class 33's returned to the Portsmouth - Cardiff passenger service on summer Saturdays, working out on the 10.20am and returing on the 16.35 to Salisbury. They would later handle the 12.45 Cardiff - Portsmouth forward from Bristol. The Brighton - Exeter was again running but now operated by pairs of Hastings 6 car units on Saturdays. The service proved so popular that it would continue to run during the winter season.
September 23rd: locomotives on display at Laira Open Day included 6544. On the same date a small exhibition at Brighton in support of the Woking Orphanage included 6577.
February 15th: a Class 33 was tested on the Weymouth Tramway line with the intent to replace the Class 03's on the Channel Islands boat train workings. The tests were considered successful.
April: on 14th narrow bodied 6594 worked through to Paignton with another Class 33 on an excursion from the Southern Region. A week later on April 22nd 6550 & 6532 reached Wolverhampton on an excursion from Clapham Junction. Also locally, the Tipton - Fawley oil tanks were noted running on Saturdays with Class 33's. In the south-east long distance excursions to Hastings were being routed over the Ashford - Ore line, a route banned to visiting Class 47's. The final leg was frequently taken by Class 33's, the steep gradients near Ore frquently required the use of two locomotives.
May 6th: The railway depot codes were changed from the old LMSR numeric/alpha system to a two digit alpha system. For the Class 33's their owning depots now became EH (Eastleigh) and HG (Hither Green).
May: minor diagram changes saw the Hoo Junction - Thame oil workings now worked throughout by Class 33's. Elsewhere Class 25 & Class 33 combinations were occasionally noted between Plymouth & Exeter, the Class 33 assisting the regular eastbound freight when the return oil empties were minimal.
June 6th: the Derby Day four coach Royal Train from Victoria to Tattenham Corner was hauled by Class 31 No. 5690. On standby duty at East Croydon & Purley were respectively 6573 & 6575. The empy coaching stock was returned to Stewarts Lane by 6578. Class 33's visiting unusual excursion destinations were 6571 (from Eastbourne) at Norwich on June 9th and 6558 (from Brighton) at Kings Lynn on June 23rd.
During the summer Fawley - Coton Hill oil specials were worked to and from Bescot by Class 33's. From October Class 47's would take over this diagram. The use of the Class 33's on the Fawley - Bromford Bridge oil tanks ceased following the opening of a pipeline, although the Friday working still remained.
Increasing demand for ballast from Meldon Quarry saw a Class 33 regularly working the weekday Meldon Quarry - Salisbury and return.
November 22nd: 6532 worked a school excursion throughout from Brighton to Stratford upon Avon.
During the first week of January the first of the TOPS renumbered Class 33's were noted.
April 3rd: In order to remove failed 33112 from Taunton shed 73122 was sent to tow the errant Class 33 back to its home region for repair.
April: 6508 became the last Class 33 to be renumbered into the TOPS system, as 33008.
July 7th: a Ramsgate - Weston super Mare excursion was worked throughout by 33202.
August 29th: 33058 and 4-SUB 4715 were damaged in a collision at New Cross Gate.
During late September and early October 'sound testing runs' were carried with a Class 33 and eight coaches between Oxted & East Grinstead. The tests required coasting at 60mph in order to measure noise levels in reference to a new Channel Tunnel rail link.
November 2nd: a railtour operated by the South Western Division utilised 33111 and 4-TC 416, RMB S1872 & 4-TC 424 from Wimbledon to Merton Abbey, Wimbledon, New Malden, Twickenham, Hounslow, Kew East Jct, Cricklewood, Carlton Road Jct, Junction Road Jct, Upper Holloway, Tottenham South Jct, Lea Bridge, Temple Mills East, Willesden Jct HL, Kensington Olympia, Acton Main Line, Southall & Brentford branch, Hanwell, Drayton Green, Greenford East Jct, North Pole Jct, Kensington Olympia, Clapham Jct, East Putney and Wimbledon. It was advertised as the last passenger train to traverse the Merton Abbey branch. Freight services on the branch were discontinued from May 5th 1975.
March 16th: 33118, 4-TC 413, RMB S1872, 4-TC 416 & 33103 worked a railtour from Waterloo to North Devon, running to Meeth via Barnstaple & Torrington, then back to Crediton to take the line to Meldon Quarry.
April 6th: 33053 & 33041 work a Ramsgate - Derby special throughout, running via Chatham, Bromley South, Herne Hill, Factory Jct, Longhedge Jct, Clapham Jct and reaching the Midland via reversal at Upper Holloway?
May 4th: Luton - Folkestone Harbour throughout with 33204. The locomotive worked light from Stewarts Lane to Cricklewood to collect the coaching stock.
May 10th: two Ramsgate - Spalding specials, at least one worked throughout by 33041, the suffered locomotive problems at Orpington and other issues before reaching Spalding about 30 minutes late, possibly behind 33046.
August 22nd - 24th: a weekend Chichester - Edinburgh excursion ran to Victoria as a 3 x 4VEP which connected here with the main sixteen coach train. On the return 33051 & 33036 took the 16 coach train from Mitre Bridge Jct to Chichester via Haywards Heath & Hove. The same locomotives returnd the empty coaching stock to Clapham Jct via Three Bridges, Streatham & Herne Hill.
August 30th: 33062 worked a Portsmouth - Wroxham special throughout.
August: a new twice daily oil working between Fawley & Salfords, using the Coast line utilized Class 33's.
September 11th: 4-SUB 4704 working the 09.02 Epsom Downs - London Bridge was run into at Bricklayers Arms Jct by the 09.42 empty coaching stock London Bridge - New Cross Gate with 33041 leading and 33047 at the rear. The collision, virually head on injured over 40 people and caused considerable damage to 33041 and the leading vehicle of the 4-SUB.
October 19th: A Waterloo - Meeth special was worked throughout by 33101 & 33102 with 4-TC's 412 & 430 and RMB S1873.
October: A new flow of coal commenced from Northam Yard to Didcot, running as a merry-go-round working utilising a Class 33 & Class 73.
November 1st: a railtour organised by the Southern Region was worked throughout by 33102, 4-TC's 407 & 424 and RMB S1873. The train worked from Wimbledon to Broad Street, Gordon Hill (reverse), Canonbury, Carpenters Road Jct, Liverpool Street, Woodgrange Park, Fenchurch Street, Barking, Gas Factory Jct, Bow Jct, Stratford, Lea Bridge, South Tottenham and back to Wimbledon.
November 6th: the Fawley - Longport oil tanks arrived behind 33016, which then returned south with the scheduled empty working. Normally on the northbound working the Class 33 would have been exchanged at Banbury for the Class 47 on the southbound working, but this was running very late. The Eastleigh driver received a pilot north of Banbury.
November 10th - 13th: following on from a number of derailments of mineral wagons, a Class 33 hauling loaded and empty 16 ton mineral wagons and a test coach at speeds of up to 45mph worked several test trains. On 10th 33036 worked from Battersea Yard to Newhaven & Brighton. Later it also worked to Littlehampton & Bognor Regis. On November 13th the test train worked from Battersea Yard to Eastleigh, Reading West and back to Battersea. The next day the train ran from Battersea to Eastleigh, Westbury, Southampton, Basingstoke & Battersea.
November: 33041 was withdrawn following a spectacular accident at Bricklayers Arms. The locomotive would be broken up at Selhurst during March 1976.
On Christmas Eve travellers on the Waterloo - Exeter service saw 33001 & 33101 on the 15.00 service, ninety minutes later a relief ran with 33106 and two 4-TC units.
January: Oil trains worked from Fawley included destinations at Brent, Bristol, Bromford Bridge, Cardiff, Eastleigh, Hertford East, Hilsea, Langley, Longport, Old Oak Common, Oxford, Plymouth, Ripple Lane, Salfords, Scunthorpe, Tiverton & Waddon Marsh. Aprt from the Class 47 hauled Longport working, the remainder were diagrammed for Class 33's.
January 3rd: a Brighton - Southend Victoria football special was worked throughout by 33021. A week later (10th) 33053 worked a Selhurst - Colchester football special throughout.
March 27th: a Brighton - Hereford football special was worked throughout by 33030, running via Redhill, Reading, Newport & Abergavenny.
August: the late evening Eastleigh - Nottingham freight frequently brought a Class 33 as far as Washwood Heath, the locomotive returning on the balancing working from Toton. The Fridays Only oil working from Fawley to Bromford Bridge also regularly brought Class 33's to the area.
October: changes to the freight timetable saw the disappearance of a working once very familiar to the Class 33's - the cement workings from North Kent to Uddingston.
Class 33 allocations as at December 31st 1976:
Of the nine freightliner workings starting from Millbrook, only the Willesden job was reguarly worked by Class 33's.
January 28th: a Folkestone - Cambridge special was worked throughout by 33020.
February 28th: a 'Boat & Leisure Life' show at the N.E.C. saw 33115 & 33106 bring in an excursion from Poole to Birmingham International.
March 26th: a Brighton - Peterborough football special was worked through-out by 33057. The Hither Green crew had an Eastern Region conductor over the the ex G.N. route. The Brighton football specials frequently included a buffet and Pullman car, usually with a Class 33 in charge, either working throughout or exchanged at a regional boundary. 33015 is reported as working through to Bescot on April 16th & Lincoln on April 20th.
April 16th: a long distance excursion for 33104, 4-TC's 420 & 433, Buffet Car 1872 & 33106 travelled from Waterloo to Cornwall. Included in the itinerary was the Fowey branch to Carne Point, Plymouth, Bere Alston, Plymouth Friary before returing to Westbury & Waterloo.
April 30th: the last Brighton - Exeter service utilising the six car Hastings units took place.
May 2nd: the Portsmouth - Bristol service transitioned from diesel multiple unts to hauled stock with Class 31's. It did not take too long before Class 33's began covering for failures and other operating problems.
July 16th: an Open Day at Ashford Works included 33208 as one of the items on display.
July 21st: an empty oil train from the Southern Region to Milford Haven reached Cardiff behind 33014 & 33037. A Class 37 replaced the 33's which then quickly headed back east light engine.
August 11th: problems on the Portsmouth - Bristol found 33025 and a 4 SAP hurridly called upon to work the 16.56 to Bristol as far as Southampton. Here the 4 SAP was changed for the stock of the 13.19 ex-Bristol, still with 33025 in charge. A Class 46 had been laid on at Salisbury to replace 33025 but the Class 46 was declared a failure so the Class 33 stayed with the train at least as far as Westbury.
August 12th: 33010 & 33008 reached Shrewsbury on a special from Weymouth. The locomotives and stock made the return trip on August 14th.
August: the high speed track recording coach No. DB999550, with FK S13397 & BCK S21275 visited the Southern Region late in August. On August 22nd it ran from Victoria to Brighton behind in 33047. It then worked a round trip to Bognor Regis behind 73118. Back at Brighton 33047 took over for the run to Ashford via Eastbourne. On August 23rd it traversed the Ashford , Canterbury West, Ramsgate, and Faversham route in both directions behind 73118. The next day it returned to Brighton with 33047 as far as Eastbourne, then 73118 to Brighton. 33047 handled the final leg to Victoria. On August 26th the train travelled behind 33047 from Stewarts Lane to Swanley, Faversham, Dover Priory, Tonbridge and London Bridge. Later in the day 33205 returned the track recording coach to Willesden.
October: the Waterloo - Exeter acquired air-braked Mk II stock for many of its services, which contined to be diagrammed for class 33's.
October 1st: Three 4-TC sets with a Class 33 at each end were noted travelling between Great Malvern & Worcester as part of the 'Rail Ale Ramble' from Waterloo to Bath & Oxford.
October 9th: a railtour from Paddington utilised 33022 & 33017 between Newton Abbot & Par.
Early in the morning of October 11th a number of residents of Sidcup Road, Mottingham were awakened by the sounds of 33036 & 33043 running into several derailed coal wagons whilst hauling the 03.24 Northfleet - Dunstable cement tankers. 33036, the leading locomotive and several cement tanks derailed and ended up running down an embankent and into several of the back gardens. The trailing locomotive, 33043 also derailed but remained on the track formation and sustained fire damage when the fuel tank ruptured. Three days were required to clear the line and to repair the track. Less fortunate was 33036 and the errant cement tankers, their recovery would be prolonged as crews worked each weekend to clear them. By October 12th 33043 had reached Hither Green before moving on to Slade Green for repairs. The final recovery of 33036 took place on November 26th when 33057 hauled it to Hither Green. It would not officially be withdrawn until July 1979, being broken up at Slade Green during October 1979. Following the retirement of 33036 the class would remain intact until the withdrawl of 33104 during December 1985. During October 1977 33033 was transferred to Hither Green, possibly to cover the loss to traffic of 33036 & 33043.
November 5th: An excursion from East Croydon to Barnstaple was worked throughout by 33059 running via Hove, Salisbury & Westbury.
November 19th: 33023 worked a Clapham Junction - Swansea excursion throughout.
November: the High Speed Track Recording Coach DB999550 returned to Kent and the London area, being noted between November 8th & 11th hauled by 33051 over various routes.
Class 33 allocations as at December 31st 1977:
Page added July 29th 2012.